Emotional intimacy occurs when a teenager feels a parent has “seen into” her true self and accepted what is there. If your teenager anticipates she’s going to meet with disapproval or rejection by Mom or Dad, she will hide that part. For example, if a girl is upset about excess weight gain but has heard her mother made critical remarks about overweight girls, she’s unlikely to bring up the subject for discussion. But when she hides a portion of herself in that way, intimacy cannot occur.
The key to establishing emotional intimacy with your kids is creating an environment where they feel safe about expressing their feelings. Parents who yell a lot, who constantly criticize, who are unpredictable, or who get drunk will have difficulty establishing this emotional intimacy, particularly if they make their kids feel stupid or defensive. Teens with these types of parents naturally assume that exposing deeply personal thoughts and feelings is like asking to get trampled.